Technology shapes the connections btween stakeholders and business
Digital technology is tool for transparency allowing stakeholders to pierce the corporate veil
Society fears the harms of technology imposed by irresponsible corporations driven by the profit motive



open tools

Open Tools 

Technologists have diverted us and enriched themselves with trival toys - technology that doesn't solve humanities big problems.  VC have shifted from fundng transformational ideas to point solutions, incremental problems - small investments with short term exit requirements.

What most poor and middleincome countries lack is not human creativity, but access to the basic tools of innovation - the cost of tools are declining rapidly.

Free software, or open source, is an approach to software development that is based on shared effort without any single person or entity asserting rights to exclude others.  Anyone distributing the software must license it under the same license. If they chose to modify the software for their own use, that is ok, however, if they chose to distribute the modified software, they must include a license identical to the base license. This is the system know as "copyleft"

The principles of the open movement are fundamental to the Internet and much of technology (Open Systems, Open Architecture, Open Source, Open Standards) and now they are penetrating media and culture. Openness has made the Internet a powerful engine of economic growth and a preeminent generator of ideas and creativiety.

The underlying principles of this movement grew from the social/political events of the 60's, where artists set ideals -- "freedom from authority", "music belongs to the people", "share freely".  They did it in concert with the Boomers, who demanded change and espoused theese ideals.  The Open Movement gave rise to many of today's well know tech comapnies.   In the long run, people want open.  The power of sharing and community contribution has shifted the mindset of the populace into understanding that in the long run, open ecosystems are better.   Open systems keeps the innovation flowing.

The Internet has become the foundation for a new set of open tools.

 "what astonishes so many people is that the open source model actually works." Linus Torvalds.  People didn't believe that fringe communites could develop world-class products through "sharing"; after all what could possible be in it for them?












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open design


Open Design

 We don’t have a POLLUTION problem we have a DESIGN problem. 
If companies were to devise products, tools, furniture, homes, factories, and cities more intelligently from the start, they wouldn’t need to think in terms of waste, or contamination, or scarcity, or regulations.
OPEN LAW:  In the LT Open Wins

Open actually works – people didn’t believe communities could develop world-class products through “sharing” – as it turns our open ecosystems are a better alternative


Open design filters out dangerous sunstances - mutagens, carcinogens, endocirine disruptors, persistent toxins, and bioaccumulative substances to focus on positive ingredients, chemicals without toxic characteristcs.  Finding substitiutes for hazadous materials  or substances take work and time.
Community innovation is the new design model and virtuous cycle is the new design principles.
Collective product-design and testing  through community will become superior to inhouse development.

Traditionally we have considered good design from a CONSUMER culture perspective– easy to use, ergonomically appealing.  From a SOCIALSUMER cultureperpsective, good design is good for business, good for society, people’s health, and good for the environment.   Manufacturers rework existing materials into materials for reuse – decouple from need for new sources and decouple from the disposal of waste.  A closed loop is not a virtuous cycle if the materials being processed are txic.

Designers do not have the right to inflict suboptimal design on all of us.  Good design eliminate the concept of waste and considers resources indispensable.

Continuous improvement  - i.e. “less bad” is an insufficient strategy because it encourages one to stick with what is poorly designed – just to try and do less of it. 


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virtuous cycle



Virtuous Cycle

Products are designed for the biological and re-sourcing cycle.   They can be composed either of materials that biodegrade and become food for biological cycles, or of materials that stay in re-sourcing cycle, in which these materials continually circulate - materials sourcing is decoupled from extraction process as they are designed for disassemble and materials are taken back into cycle and also decouples from the disposal process as they are recycles or upcycled into the re-sourcing cycle.

Positive materials are the source for virtuous cycles.  Negative materials.  Closed loop processes without positive material doesn’t cut it.

Engineering jobs are in decline because the manufacturing sectors that employ engineers are in decline.  During the five year period 2001-2006 the US work force lost 1.2 million jobs in the manufacture of machinery, computers, electronics, semiconductors, communication equipment, electrical equipment, motor vehicles and transportation equipment.  The future of uiversity graduates is rather dim with declinign employment and imported H-1B workers to bring down the salaries.

 Virtuous cycle





supply hubs

Supply Hubs




Supply Hub







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